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India Makes It Compulsory For Phones To Have a 'Panic Button' - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 8:01md
Reader itwbennett writes: Starting in January 2017, all feature phones sold in India will need to have a panic button that will alert "police, designated friends and relatives, for immediate response in case of distress or security related issues," said Minister of Communications, Ravi Shankar Prasad, on Twitter late Tuesday. The measure is one of many responses by the Indian government to the growing women safety issues in the country. Furthermore, starting in January 2018, mobile phones will also be required to have GPS systems to help pinpoint the location of the affected person in the event of harassment or distress, said Prasad.Mashable has more details.

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SpaceX Intends To Send a Red Dragon To Mars As Early As 2018 - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 7:24md
Reader MarkWhittington writes: SpaceX has announced that it intends to send a version of its Dragon spacecraft, called "Red Dragon," to Mars as early as 2018. The mission, to be launched on top of a Falcon Heavy rocket, would be the first to another planet conducted by a commercial enterprise. The flight of the Red Dragon would be the beginning of SpaceX CEO Elon Musk's long-term dream of building a settlement on Mars.Ars Technica reports: According to the company, these initial test missions will help demonstrate the technologies needed to land large payloads propulsively on Mars. This series of missions, to be launched on the company's not-yet-completed Falcon Heavy rocket, will provide key data for SpaceX as the company develops an overall plan to send humans to the Red Planet to colonize Mars. One of the biggest challenges in landing on Mars is the fact that its atmosphere is so thin it provides little braking capacity. To land the 900kg Curiosity rover on Mars, NASA had to devise the complicated sky crane system that led to its "Seven Minutes of Terror." A Dragon would weigh much more, perhaps about 6,000kg. To solve this problem, SpaceX plans to use an upgraded spacecraft, a Dragon2 powered by eight SuperDraco engines, to land using propulsion.

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Chinese Security Robot Draws Dalek, Terminator Comparisons - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 6:45md
An anonymous reader writes: China's first "intelligent security robot," which reportedly includes an "electrically charged riot control tool" and an SOS button for people to notify police, has been compared to the killer Dalek from Doctor Who after being shown off at a tech fair. Intelligence agency whistleblower Edward Snowden shared the news on Twitter with the caption: "Surely this will end well." The robot, unveiled at the 12th Chongqing Hi-Tech Fair, is 1.49 metres tall, weighs 78 kilograms, has a claimed top speed of 18 kilometres per hour and an operating duration of eight hours between charges, according to a report by People's Daily Online. Dubbed AnBot, it was built by the National Defence University in China and has "sensors that mimic the human brain, eyes and ears." The report said AnBot represented breakthroughs in "key technologies including low-cost autonomous navigation and intelligent video analysis" and would play an important role in anti-terrorism and anti-riot operations. AnBot has an SOS button for people to use to notify police of a problem, but it is unclear what criteria AnBot uses to assess threats autonomously.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.

Federal Judge Rules Amazon Must Refund Parents Duped By In-App Purchases - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 6:05md
An anonymous reader shares a Gizmodo report: A federal judge has ruled Amazon is liable for billing unwitting parents after their children made unauthorized charges in apps. The court will decide exactly how much money Amazon owes customers in the coming months. The federal judge's decision asserts that Amazon received several complaints from customers about in-app purchases that they were unaware of, mostly incurred by children. The decision points out that Amazon promoted apps as free but failed to inform parents about in-app charges that could be incurred.

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Nintendo's Mysterious 'NX' Gaming Platform To Be Launched In March 2017 - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 5:25md
Nintendo has announced that its next gaming platform -- codenamed NX -- will launch worldwide in March 2017. "For our dedicated video game platform, Nintendo is currently developing a gaming platform codenamed 'NX' with a brand-new concept," the gaming console company said while announcing its annual results. PCWorld reports:Nintendo is placing big bets on NX. The company will continue to offer games for smartphone devices, a strategy it has started executing on, but its core business focus will be on what it describes as its "software-led hardware-software integrated business." [...] For the fiscal year ended March 31, the company sold 6.8 million units of the portable Nintendo 3DS hardware and over 48.5 million units of 3DS software. Global sales of the Wii U hardware and software were 3.26 million and 27.4 million units respectively.

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After Netflix Crackdown On Border-Hopping, Canadians Ready To Return To Piracy - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 4:45md
An anonymous reader shares an article on CBCNews: Many Canadians are enraged by Netflix's declared war on cross-border watchers, who skirt the company's rules by sneaking across virtual borders to stream Netflix shows and movies restricted to other countries. Sometimes it's hard to be satisfied with Netflix Canada's library when our American neighbours have, it's estimated, access to almost double the content. But this big and bold clampdown may backfire -- at least in Canada. Turns out, Canadians are big pirates at heart. Apparently, we feel somewhat entitled to download illegal content when we don't have cheap and easy access. Instead of shelling out $10 for a Netflix subscription, some people now may opt to pay nothing at all to get what they want.

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Wikipedia Is Basically a Corporate Bureaucracy, Says Study - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 4:00md
Jennifer Ouellette, reporting for Gizmodo: Wikipedia is a voluntary organization dedicated to the noble goal of decentralized knowledge creation. But as the community has evolved over time, it has wandered further and further from its early egalitarian ideals, according to a new paper published in the journal Future Internet. In fact, such systems usually end up looking a lot like 20th-century bureaucracies. [...] This may seem surprising, since there is no policing authority on Wikipedia -- no established top-down means of control. The community is self-governing, relying primarily on social pressure to enforce the established core norms, according to co-author Simon DeDeo, a complexity scientist at Indiana University. [...] "You start with a decentralized democratic system, but over time you get the emergence of a leadership class with privileged access to information and social networks," DeDeo explained. "Their interests begin to diverge from the rest of the group. They no longer have the same needs and goals. So not only do they come to gain the most power within the system, but they may use it in ways that conflict with the needs of everybody else.""The Iron Law of Oligarchy, demonstrated by Wikipedia," wrote Sean Carroll, theoretical physicist at Caltech. "Rebel all you want, ultimately you become The Establishment."

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Report: Comcast In Talks To Buy DreamWorks For $3 Billion - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 3:01md
An anonymous reader quotes a report from USA Today: Comcast is in talks to buy DreamWorks Animation in a multi-billion-dollar deal, The Wall Street Journal and Bloomberg are reporting. The cost of the deal would be more than $3 billion, according to both news organizations, citing unnamed sources. Jeffrey Katzenberg, CEO of DreamWorks Animation, has been searching for a buyer for the company, which has a current market value of $2.3 billion. DreamWorks is based in Glendale, Calif., and was founded in 1994 by Katzenberg, filmmaker Steven Spielberg and movie and music executive David Geffen. The animation unit was spun off in 2004. Philadelphia-based Comcast has two primary businesses, Comcast Cable and NBCUniversal. Comcast also owns Universal Parks and Resorts. Comcast already owns an animation studio, Illumination Entertainment, known for its work on the Despicable Me and Minions movies.

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Sankar P: [Help Needed] FOSS License, CLA Query

Planet GNOME - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 1:02md
I want to start a FOSS project. FOSS Licenses are a grey area. I am trying to seek some public opinion here, to choose a license and a Contributor License Agreement (CLA). The project details are:

  • The project is a database (say, like mongodb, Cassandra etc.). It will have a server piece that users can deploy for storing data. Though it is a hobby personal project as of now, I may offer the database as a paid, hosted solution in future.
  • There are some client libraries too, for providing the ability to connect to the above mentioned server, from a variety of programming languages.
  • The client libraries will all be in Creative Commons Zero License / Public Domain. Basically anyone can do anything with the client library sources. The server license is where I have difficulty choosing.
  • Anyone who contributes any source to the server software should re-assign their copyrights and ownership of the code, to me. By "me", I refer to myself as an individual and not any company.  I should reserve the right to transfer the ownership in future to anyone / any company. I may relicense the software in future to public domain or sell it off to a company like: SUSE, Red Hat, Canonical, (or) a company like: Amazon, Google, Microsoft etc.
  • Anyone who contributes code to my project, should make sure that [s]he has all the necessary copyrights to submit the changes to me and to re-assign the copyrights to me. I should not be liable for someone's contribution. If a contributor's employer has a sudden evil plan and want to take over my personal project to court (unlikely to happen, nevertheless), it should not be possible
  • I or the users of the software, should not be sued for any patent infringement cases, for code that is contributed by someone else. If a patent holder wants to sue me for a code that I have written in the software, that is fine. I will find a way around.
  • Anyone should be free to take the server sources, modify it and deploy it in his/her own hardware/cloud, for their personal and/or commercial needs, without paying me or any of the contributors any money/royalty/acknowledgement.
  • If they choose to either sell the server software or host it and sell it as a service, (basically commercial reasons) they must be enforced to open source their changes in public domain, unless they have a written permission from me, at my discretion. For instance, if coursera wants to use my database source, after modifications, it is fine with me; but I will not want, say Oracle to modify my software and sell the modified software / service, without opensourcing their changes. If someone is hosting and selling a service of my software, with modified sources, there is no easy way for me to prove their modification, but I would still like to have that legal protection.

The best license model that I could come up for the above is: Dual license the source code to AGPLv3 and a proprietary license. Enforce a CLA to accept all contributions only after a copyright reassignment to me, with a guarantee that I have the right to change the license at a future time.

What is not clear to me however, is the patent infringement and ownership violation related constraints and AGPL's protection on such disputes. Another option is: Mozilla Public License 2.0 but that does not seem to cover the hosting-as-a-service-and-selling-the-service aspect clearly imho.

Are you readers of the internet have any better solution ?

Are you aware of any other project using any other license, CLA model that may suit my needs and/or is similar ?

What other things should I be reading to understand more ?

Or, should I lose all faith in licenses and keep the sources private and release the binary as freeware, instead of open sourcing ? That would suck.

Or should I just not bother about someone making proprietary modifications and selling the software/service, by releasing the software to public domain ?

Note: Of course, all these is assuming that my 1 hour a month, hobby project would make it big, be useful to others and someone may sue. In reality, the software may not be tried by even a dozen people, but I'm just romanticizing.

3.4.112: longterm

Kernel Linux - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 12:55md
Version:3.4.112 (longterm) Released:2016-04-27 Source:linux-3.4.112.tar.xz PGP Signature:linux-3.4.112.tar.sign Patch:patch-3.4.112.xz (Incremental) ChangeLog:ChangeLog-3.4.112
Kategoritë: Kernel Linux

Pirate Bay visitors infected with crypto-ransomware via bad ads - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 12:31md Visitors to The Pirate Bay may now be tossing up whether or not to pay to decrypt their files after the torrent site hosted ransomware-barbed ads over the weekend.

Richard Hughes: 3rd Party Fedora Repositories and AppStream

Planet GNOME - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 12:20md

I was recently asked how to make 3rd party repositories add apps to GNOME Software. This is relevant if you run a internal private repo for employee tools, or are just kind enough to provide a 3rd party repo for Fedora or RHEL users for your free or non-free applications.

In most cases people are already running something like this to generate the repomd metadata files on a directory of RPM files:

createrepo_c --no-database --simple-md-filenames SRPMS/ createrepo_c --no-database --simple-md-filenames x86_64/

So, we need to actually generate the AppStream XML. This works by exploding any interesting .rpm files and merging together the .desktop file, the .appdata.xml file and preprocessing some icons. Only applications installing AppData files will be shown in GNOME Software, so you might need to fix before you start.

appstream-builder \ --origin=yourcompanyname \ --basename=appstream \ --cache-dir=/tmp/asb-cache \ --enable-hidpi \ --max-threads=1 \ --min-icon-size=32 \ --output-dir=/tmp/asb-md \ --packages-dir=x86_64/ \ --temp-dir=/tmp/asb-icons

This takes a second or two (or 40 minutes if you’re trying to process the entire Fedora archive…) and spits out some files to /tmp/asb-md — you probably want to change some things there to make more sense for your build server.

We then have to take the generated XML and the tarball of icons and add it to the repomd.xml master document so that GNOME Software (via PackageKit) automatically downloads the content for searching. This is as simple as doing:

modifyrepo_c \ --no-compress \ --simple-md-filenames \ /tmp/asb-md/appstream.xml.gz \ x86_64/repodata/ modifyrepo_c \ --no-compress \ --simple-md-filenames \ /tmp/asb-md/appstream-icons.tar.gz \ x86_64/repodata/

Any questions, please ask. If you’re using a COPR then all these steps are done for you automatically. If you’re using xdg-app already, then this is all magically done for you as well, and automatically downloaded by GNOME Software.

Hackers don't just want your credit cards, now they want the pattern of your life - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 12:14md While underground forum users and other crooks are still very much interested in stolen credit card numbers, they're also increasingly keen to trade in another type of information: personal data.

A Complete Guide To The New 'Crypto Wars' - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 12:01md
blottsie writes: The latest debate over encryption did not begin with a court order demanding Apple help the FBI unlock a dead terrorist's iPhone. The new "Crypto Wars," chronicled in a comprehensive timeline by Eric Geller of the Daily Dot, dates back to at least 2003, with the introduction of "Patriot Act II." The battle over privacy and personal security versus crime-fighting and national security has, however, become a mainstream debate in recent months. The timeline covers a wide-range of incidents where the U.S. and other allied governments have tried to restrict citizens' access to strong encryption. The timeline ends with the director of national intelligence blaming NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden for advancing the spread of user-friendly, widely available strong encryption.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.

3.12.59: longterm

Kernel Linux - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 11:13pd
Version:3.12.59 (longterm) Released:2016-04-27 Source:linux-3.12.59.tar.xz PGP Signature:linux-3.12.59.tar.sign Patch:patch-3.12.59.xz (Incremental) ChangeLog:ChangeLog-3.12.59
Kategoritë: Kernel Linux

A Majority Of Millennials Now Reject Capitalism, Poll Shows - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 9:01pd
A new poll shows that a majority of young people do not support capitalism. The study was conducted by Harvard University, which polled young adults ages 18-29. It found that 51 percent of those polled rejected capitalism, that is to say, they did not support it. Only 42 percent said they support capitalism -- there was a margin of error of 2.4 percentage points. When asked what alternative system they would prefer, there wasn't a clear winner. Just 33 percent said they supported socialism. When talking about politics or economics, it can get complicated and the poll does little to shed light on what parts of capitalism young people dislike or what parts of socialism young people like. It does appear to suggest young people are frustrated with the status quo and are more focused on the flaws of free markets.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.

next-20160427: linux-next

Kernel Linux - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 8:52pd
Version:next-20160427 (linux-next) Released:2016-04-27
Kategoritë: Kernel Linux

Millions Of Waze Users Can Have Their Movements Tracked By Hackers - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 5:14pd
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Fusion: Researchers at the University of California-Santa Barbara recently discovered a Waze vulnerability that allowed them to create thousands of "ghost drivers" that can monitor the drivers around them -- an exploit that could be used to track Waze users in real-time. Here's how the exploit works. Waze's servers communicate with phones using an SSL encrypted connection, a security precaution meant to ensure that Waze's computers are really talking to a Waze app on someone's smartphone. Zhao and his graduate students discovered they could intercept that communication by getting the phone to accept their own computer as a go-between in the connection. Once in between the phone and the Waze servers, they could reverse-engineer the Waze protocol, learning the language that the Waze app uses to talk to Waze's back-end app servers. With that knowledge in hand, the team was able to write a program that issued commands directly to Waze servers, allowing the researchers to populate the Waze system with thousands of "ghost cars" -- cars that could cause a fake traffic jam or, because Waze is a social app where drivers broadcast their locations, monitor all the drivers around them. You can read the full paper detailing the researchers' findings here. Is there a solution to not being tracked? Yes. If you're a Waze user, you can set the app to invisible mode. However, Waze turns off invisible mode every time you restart the app so beware.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.

2016 Hugo Awards Shortlist Dominated By Rightwing Campaign - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 3:38pd
Dave Knott quotes a report from The Guardian: The annual Hugo awards for the best science fiction of the year have once again been riven by controversy, as a concerted campaign by a conservative lobby has dominated the ballot. The Sad Puppies and Rabid Puppies movements, which both separately campaign against a perceived bias towards liberal and leftwing science-fiction and fantasy authors, have managed to get the majority of their preferred nominations on to the final ballot, announced today. Since 2013, the Puppies factions have posted recommendations of works to combat the Hugo tendency to reward works that leaders of the movement deem "niche, academic, overtly to the left in ideology and flavor, and ultimately lacking what might best be called visceral, gut-level, swashbuckling fun." The Rabid Puppies has been successful in getting its nominations on the shortlist again this year; out of 80 recommendations, 62 have received sufficient votes to make the ballot. At MidAmeriCon II this year, it was announced that more than 4,000 nominating ballots were cast for the 2016 Hugo awards, almost double the previous record of 2,122 ballots. This news was initially greeted with cautious optimism, but the shortlist shows that the Puppies and their supporters have redoubled their efforts to "game" the awards. The shortlist will be voted upon and the winners revealed at the forthcoming Worldcon in Kansas in August.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.

Zero Zero's Camera Drone Could Be A Robot Command Center In The Future - Mër, 27/04/2016 - 2:53pd
Tekla Perry writes: Zero Zero Robotics comes out of stealth today with the Hover Camera drone that uses face and body recognition to follow and photograph selected subjects. Company cofounder Meng Qiu Wang explains why he did the engineering in China (he built a team of 80 that worked two years on the project), and how this flying camera will evolve to be a navigation and control system for future home robots. According Zero Zero cofounder and CEO Meng Qiu Wang, "It has two cameras. The front viewing camera is a 13-megapixel camera that records video, but also has Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM), an algorithm that allows it to determine where it is. It also has a down-facing video camera, running an algorithm called optical flow, that looks at ground at 60 frames per second, so the Hover knows when it moves and can correct itself. These visual sensors are giving inputs and actual position and speed, meanwhile, the accelerometer and gyroscope gives relative position. All these signals are fed into the flight control algorithm, so when I throw it up in the air, it can just hover there." With a price of less than $600, it should compete well against the expensive DJI Phantom 4, which is already available on the market for $1400 and features autonomous flying and tracking features.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.


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